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Becoming a politician in a nutshell

As everybody who lives in a democracy knows, anybody can become a politician and help guide their country and represent people in their community in their local or national government. Running for politics is one of the most exciting endeavors out there and in today's high-tech society is becoming more complex in nature, especially as populations grow.

I'm going to be focusing this hub on the United States and Canada, but it could also be applied to a huge number of other countries such as Australia, the UK, France, etc. I just don't have as much knowledge on the ways that they run their campaigns and the kinds of laws and regulations other countries have when it comes to elections.

Municipal Elections

People running in these elections becoming mayors, aldermen, city councilmen and any name that your local municipality has for local elected community leaders.

State & Provincial Elections

In the US politicians elected to run the state are called Governers, Senators and Delgates. They represent the three branches of state government: executive, legislative and judicial.

In Canada they're called MLA's or Members of the Legislative Assembly and are elected by the people to run each province.

National Elections

US: President - elected by Americans directly voting for him/her on a single day. The President historically will belong to one of two parties: Democrats or Republicans.

Canada: Prime Minister - elected not by the people, but by the party voted in by the people. Canada also has federal senators, whom are all appointed by the Prime Minister, but first must be elected by the people.

Lobbyists

These are people who represent special interest groups and corporations. Lobbyists are very powerful and are usually hired by big corporations to act as liaisons with politicians and political groups to help the corporations push their agendas through the government.

Door Knocking

Door knocking is one of the most vital strategies to becoming elected and has been around since the stone age. It's basically just the political candidate and their volunteers going around to the homes in their constituency and talking to potential voters about the candidate and their views.

Knocking on doors is especially important to get exposure to the elderly, an extremely important groups of people who vote in large numbers, and don't spend anywhere near as much time online as younger generations do.

Social Media

Social media is increasingly more important to elections no matter what level of government somebody is running for. It can dramatically increase public knowledge and exposure of a candidate, and on a massive scale can turn an election on it's heels.

Networking

Having a large networks both of personal and business contacts are a must in order to win an election and become a politician. These contacts are going to not only donate to your campaign and fund raise for you, but will spread your message to their own networks which is vital to win. The more well known and well connected these contacts are, the greater chance you stand at winning your election.