What are Bed Bugs?
Bed bugs are a small parasitic insect that feed almost exclusively on human blood. They are a worldwide pest thanks to increased global travel, and infestations are becoming more common in every major city around the world.
Where do Bed Bugs Live?
Bed bugs not only live in people beds, but have been found inside luggage, hotels, offices and even movie theaters.
What is Bed Bug Behavior?
Bed bugs are sensitive to light and motion, so they only come out at night when it's dark, and people are still.
Bed bugs can live up to a year or longer without food, waiting for a host to appear.
Bed bug females can lay anywhere from 300 to 500 eggs in their lifetime.
A bed bugs life span can be anywhere from 4 to 6 months if they are well fed, and up to 18 months if they only feed sporadically.
How do you kill Bed Bugs
You can use pesticides on bed bugs, but they are starting to become very resistant to certain kinds. Pesticides are also very toxic to humans after exposure, especially young children and even small animals.
A sure-fire way to kill them is with heat, as one of their weaknesses is that they cannot live above 46C (115F). To use this method, an exterminator will come in and seal up the windows and then pump in extremely hot air. This will raise the temperature well above the limit of which bed bugs can live. Problems with this method can be damage to items and heat-sensitive structures within the house, so they will have to be removed before hand.
Another method is to use diatomaceous earth (aka diotomite), a very fine, naturally occuring off-white powder that comes from a soft siliceous rock. It basically consists of 80-90% silica, 2-4% alumina, and 0.5-2% iron oxide, and consists of fossilized remains of diatoms, which are a type of hard shelled algae.
This powder is completely harmless to humans, but when it comes in contact with insects, the fine powder absorbs lipids from the waxy outer layer of thier exoskeleton, causing them to dehydrate away all of their water and die.